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The following spectral Doppler profile was obtained in a patient with dyspnea. Identify the structure through which the Doppler flow profile was obtained and the associated pathophysiology

A. Mitral valve. Mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitation.

B. Aortic valve. Aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation.

C. Tricuspid Valve. Tricuspid stenosis and tricuspid regurgitation

D. Pulmonic Valve. Pulmonic stenosis and pulmonic regurgitation.

E. Mixed aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation..


Valve disease

Author: Atif Qasim, MD FASE
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